In Hinduism, Brahma is believed to be the creator of all things of the world. He is cool-tempered and possesses the highest moral principles. He is full of kindness, mercy, sympathy, and impartiality.

Worshipping Brahma is for kindness, mercy, sympathy and impartiality.

Brahma or Phra Phrom

Brahma Four Face Buddha Amulet

Brahma Four Face Buddha Amulet

In Hinduism, Brahma is believed to be the creator of all things of the world. He is cool-tempered and possesses the highest moral principles. He is full

of kindness, mercy, sympathy, and impartiality.

Brahma is the Hindu god (deva) of creation and one of the Trimurti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva. His consort is Saraswati, the goddess of learning.

The god is known as Berahma in Malay and as Phra Phrom in Thai.

Creation

According to the Puranas, Brahma is self-born (without mother) in the lotus flower which grew from the navel of Vishnu at the beginning of the universe. This explains his name Nabhija (born from the navel). Another legend says that Brahm? was born in water. In this he deposited a seed that later became the golden egg. From this golden egg, Brahma the creator was born, as Hiranyagarbha. The remaining materials of this golden egg expanded into the Brahm-anda or Universe. Being born in water, Brahm? is also called Kanja (born in water). Brahm? is said also to be the son of the Supreme Being, Brahman and the female energy known as Prakrti or Maya.

Lack of Brahma worship in India

Although Brahma is one of the three major gods in Hinduism, few Hindus actually worship him. India today has very few temples dedicated to Brahma alone as opposed to the tens of thousands of temples dedicated to the other deities in the Trimurti, namely Vishnu and Shiva. There are various stories in Hindu mythology that talk about curses that have supposedly prevented Brahma from being worshipped on Earth.

At the beginning of time in Cosmos, Vishnu and Brahm? approached a huge Shiva linga and set out to find its beginning and end. Vishnu was appointed the end, and Brahma the beginning. Each took their journey, Vishnu took the form of a boar and began digging downwards into the earth while Brahma took on the shape of a swan began flying upwards. But neither could find their appointed destination. Vishnu, satisfied, came up to Shiva and bowed down to him as a swarupa of Brahman.  Brahm? did not give up so easily. As he was going up, he saw a Kaitha flower, dear to Shiva. His ego forced him to ask the flower to bear false witness of Brahm?’s finding Shiva’s beginning. When Brahm? told his tale, Shiva, the all-knowing, was angered by the former’s ego. Shiva thus cursed him that no being in the three worlds will worship him.

According to another legend, Brahm? is not worshiped because of a curse by the great sage Brahmarishi Bhrigu.  Once a great fire-sacrifice (yajna) was being organised on Earth with Bhrigu being the high priest. It was decided that the greatest among all Gods would be made the presiding deity. Bhrigu then set off to find the greatest among the Trimurti.  When he went to Brahm?, he was so immersed in the music played by his consort Saraswati that he could hardly hear Bhrigu’s calls. The enraged Bhrigu then cursed Brahm? that no person on Earth would ever invoke him or worship him again.

According to Brahma Purana  and Hindu cosmology, Brahm? is the creator but not necessarily regarded as God in Hinduism. He is mostly regarded as a creation of God / Branman.  The lifespan of Brahm? is 100 Brahm? years or 311 trillion, 40 billion human years. At the end of his lifespan, there is a gap of 100 Brahm? years after which another Brahm? or creator begins anew and the process is repeated forever.

Four Face Buddha in Diamonds

Four Face Buddha in Diamonds

Brahma is traditionally depicted with four heads and four faces and four arms. With each head he continually recites one of the four Vedas. He is often depicted with a white beard (especially in North India), indicating the near eternal nature of his existence. He is shown as having four arms, with none holding a weapon, unlike most other Hindu Gods. One of his hands is shown holding a scepter in the form of a spoon, which is associated with the pouring of holy ghee or oil into a sacrificial pyre, indicating that Brahma is the lord of sacrifices. Another of his hands holds a water-pot (sometimes depicted as a coconut shell containing water). The significance of the water is that it is the initial, all-encompassing ether in which the first element of creation evolved. Brahma also holds a string of prayer beads that he uses to keep track of the Universe’s time. He also is shown holding the Vedas, and sometimes, a lotus flower.

Another story in connection with Brahma’s four heads is that when Brahm? was creating the universe, He made a female deity known as Shatarupa (one with a hundred beautiful forms). Brahm? became immediately infatuated with Her. Shatarup? moved in various directions to avoid the gaze of Brahm?. But wherever She went, Brahm? developed a head. Thus, Brahm? developed five heads, one on each side and one above the others. In order to control Brahm?, Shiva cut off one of the heads. Also, Shiva felt that Shatarup? was Brahm?’s daughter, having been created by Him. Therefore, Shiva determined, it was wrong for Brahm? to become obsessed with Her. He directed that there be no proper worship on earth for the “unholy” Brahm?. Thus, only Vishnu and Shiva continued to be worshipped, while Brahm? is almost totally ignored. Ever since the incident, Brahm? has been believed to be reciting the four Vedas in His attempt at repentance.

Brahma and Shatarupa kept transforming into all of the animals and reproducing. That is how all the animals Appeared on earth. That is why Brahma is called the Creator God.

Brahma’s Symbols

The Four Hands – The four arms represent the four directions north, east, west and south. They describe the mind (back right hand), intellect (back left hand), ego (front right hand), and the self confidence (front left hand).

The Rosary - Symbolizes the substances used in the progress of creation.

The Book – Symbolizing knowledge

The Gold – Symbolizes activity in the universe and the golden face of Brahma indicates that the Lord is active when involved in the process of creation.

The Swan – The Swan symbolizes the power of discrimination. Brahma uses the swan as a vehicle.

The Crown – The crown on the head implies that the Brahma has supreme authority.

The Lotus – Lotus symbolizes the nature and living essence of all things and beings in the universe.

The Beard – The black or white beard denotes wisdom and a longer beard denotes eternal process.

The Four Faces – The four Vedas (Rig, Yajor, Athara, and Sama).

Brahma in Diamonds Amulet back-side

Brahma in Diamonds Amulet back-side

Brahma’s Vehicle



Brahma’s vehicle is a divine Swan.  This divine bird is bestowed with a virtue called Neera-Ksheera Viveka or the ability to separate milk and water from a mixture of the two. The significance of this is that justice should be dispensed to all creatures, however entwined it might be in a situation. Also, this virtue indicates that one should learn to separate the good from the evil and then accept that which is valuable and discard that which is worthless or evil.

Phra Phrom in Thailand

Phra Phrom (Sanskrit: Para Brahma) is the Thai representation of the Hindu god Brahma.  A celebrated example of this representation is the statue of Brahma at the Erawan Shrine in Bangkok. The golden dome of the Government House of Thailand  also contains a statue of Phra Phrom.

Background

For more than 5,000 years, the disciples of Brahmana were known to have paid homage to Phra Phom as their highest esteemed God in their religion. The origin of this was that the Brahmana religion believed that these 3 Gods combined their powers to create the world. This religion was mainly symbolised by 3 major Gods:

  • Brahma: Creator of the world and all things
  • Vishnu: Preserver of all things
  • Shiva: Destroyer that makes all things exist and perish according to nature’s cycles

The wives of these 3 Gods are also their capable assistants who also helped in the creation of the world. Brahma’s wife is known as Saraswati which means the Goddess of great wisdom.

In Hinduism, Brahma is believed to be the creator of all things of the world. He is cool-tempered and possesses the highest moral principles. He is full of kindness, mercy, sympathy, and impartiality. These four precepts comprise the “Conscientious Behavior” corresponding to Buddhist teaching which instructs Buddhists of the four Dharma. Besides creating the world, Brahma also creates heaven and human beings.

The features of Phra Phrom usually depict him with four faces and a pair of hands. Many people in Southeast Asia commonly refer to him as the “Four Face Buddha”. In fact, in the records of Buddhist literature, he belongs to the class of devas and not of the buddhas.

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